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Jul 30, 2020

2U, Inc. Reports Results for Second Quarter 2020

Delivers revenue growth of 35%

LANHAM, Md., July 30, 2020 /PRNewswire/ -- 2U, Inc. (Nasdaq: TWOU), a global leader in education technology, today reported financial and operating results for the second quarter ended June 30, 2020.

Results for Second Quarter 2020 Compared to Second Quarter 2019

  • Revenue increased 35% to $182.7 million
  • Graduate Program Segment revenue increased 14% to $115.7 million
  • Alternative Credential Segment revenue increased 97% to $67.0 million, including $36.6 million in revenue from Trilogy, acquired in May 2019
  • Net loss increased $38.2 million to $66.2 million, or $1.03 per share

Non-GAAP Results for Second Quarter 2020 Compared to Second Quarter 2019

  • Adjusted net loss was $21.8 million, or $0.34 per share, compared to adjusted net loss of $25.8 million, or $0.43 per share
  • Adjusted EBITDA loss was $2.1 million, compared to a loss of $15.0 million

"In these complex and challenging times, the importance of 2U's mission and the value we deliver for our partners and their students has never been more clear," Co-Founder and CEO Christopher "Chip" Paucek said. "As universities accelerate their digital transformations and more students affirmatively choose to pursue an education online, we believe our strong relationships with leading universities and the unmatched scale and quality of our portfolio of offerings position us well for future growth."

"We are driving significant improvement in key profitability and cash flow metrics while maintaining quality, enhancing operational efficiency, and executing on growth opportunities," said Chief Financial Officer Paul Lalljie. "We delivered a significant improvement in free cash flow in the second quarter and expect to achieve EBITDA profitability next quarter and for the full year. We also increased our financial flexibility with our recent convertible senior notes offering and revolving line of credit."

Discussion of Second Quarter 2020 Results

Revenue totaled $182.7 million, a 35% increase from $135.5 million in the second quarter of 2019. Graduate Program Segment revenue grew 14% to $115.7 million driven by an 18% increase in full course equivalent ("FCE") enrollments, partially offset by a 3% decrease in average revenue per FCE enrollment. Alternative Credential Segment revenue increased 97% to $67.0 million, driven by FCE enrollments of 20,435. The acquisition of Trilogy was completed on May 22, 2019, making this quarter the last period for which comparative period results do not exist.

Costs and expenses totaled $231.8 million, a 28% increase from $181.5 million in the second quarter of 2019. This $50.3 million increase was driven by $33.8 million of incremental operating costs related to Trilogy, with the remaining increase primarily attributable to personnel and personnel-related expense, curriculum and teaching costs, and depreciation and amortization expense, partially offset by decreased spend on travel and entertainment due to cost efficiencies and the impact of COVID-19.

As of June 30, 2020, the company's cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash totaled $213.0 million, an increase of $23.1 million from $189.9 million as of December 31, 2019. The cash balance as of June 30, 2020 reflects net proceeds from the convertible senior notes offering. As of June 30, 2020, the company's outstanding borrowings were $385.3 million, principally related to the issuance of its convertible senior notes.

Non-GAAP Measures

To provide investors and others with additional information regarding 2U's results, the company has disclosed the following non-GAAP financial measures: adjusted EBITDA (loss), unlevered free cash flow, adjusted net income (loss), and adjusted net income (loss) per share. The company has provided a reconciliation of each non-GAAP financial measure used in this earnings release to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure. The company defines adjusted EBITDA (loss) as net income or net loss, as applicable, before net interest income (expense), taxes, depreciation and amortization expense, foreign currency gains or losses, deferred revenue fair value adjustments, transaction costs, integration costs, restructuring-related costs, stockholder activism costs, impairment charges, losses on debt extinguishment, and stock-based compensation expense. The company defines unlevered free cash flow as net cash provided by (used in) operating activities, less capital expenditures, payments to university clients, restructuring-related and certain other non-ordinary cash payments, and cash interest payments on debt. The company defines adjusted net income (loss) as net income or net loss, as applicable, before foreign currency gains or losses, acquisition-related gains or losses, deferred revenue fair value adjustments, transaction costs, integration costs, restructuring-related costs, stockholder activism costs, impairment charges, losses on debt extinguishment, and stock-based compensation expense. Adjusted net income (loss) per share is calculated as adjusted net income (loss) divided by diluted weighted-average shares of common stock outstanding for periods that result in adjusted net income, and basic weighted-average shares outstanding for periods that result in an adjusted net loss. As of the date of this earnings release, we revised our definitions of adjusted EBITDA (loss) and adjusted net income (loss) to exclude losses on debt extinguishment. We believe this change is useful to investors because we did not have a loss on debt extinguishment in prior periods, and as a result, excluding the impact of such a loss beginning this period facilitates a period-to-period comparison.

The company's management uses these non-GAAP financial measures to understand and compare operating results across accounting periods, to understand cash that is generated by or available for operational expenses and investment in the business after capital expenditures, for internal budgeting and forecasting purposes, for short- and long-term operating plans, and to evaluate the company's financial performance. Management believes these non-GAAP financial measures reflect the company's ongoing business in a manner that allows for meaningful period-to-period comparisons and analysis of trends in the company's business as they exclude expenses that are not reflective of ongoing operating results. Management also believes that these non-GAAP financial measures provide useful information to investors and others in understanding and evaluating the company's operating results and prospects in the same manner as management and in comparing financial results across accounting periods and to those of peer companies.

The use of adjusted EBITDA (loss), unlevered free cash flow, adjusted net income (loss), and adjusted net income (loss) per share measures has certain limitations, as they do not reflect all items of income and expense that affect the company's operations. The company compensates for these limitations by reconciling the non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures. These non-GAAP financial measures should be considered in addition to, not as a substitute for or in isolation from, measures prepared in accordance with GAAP. Further, these non-GAAP measures may differ from the non-GAAP information used by other companies, including peer companies, and therefore comparability may be limited. Management encourages investors and others to review the company's financial information in its entirety and not rely on a single financial measure.

Conference Call Information

What:


2U, Inc.'s second quarter 2020 financial results conference call

When:


Thursday, July 30, 2020

Time:


4:30 p.m. ET

Live Call:


(877) 359-9508

Webcast:


investor.2U.com

About 2U, Inc. (Nasdaq: TWOU)

Eliminating the back row in higher education is not just a metaphor—it's our mission. For more than a decade, 2U, Inc., a global leader in education technology, has been a trusted partner and brand steward of great universities. We build, deliver, and support more than 435 digital and in-person educational offerings, including undergraduate and graduate degrees, professional certificates, Trilogy-powered boot camps, and GetSmarter short courses. Together with our partners, 2U has positively transformed the lives of more than 245,000 students and lifelong learners. To learn more, visit 2U.com. #NoBackRow

Cautionary Language Concerning Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains forward-looking statements regarding 2U, Inc.'s future business expectations, which are subject to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. All statements other than statements of historical facts contained in this press release, including statements regarding the acquisition of Trilogy and future results of the operations and financial position of 2U, including financial targets, business strategy, and plans and objectives for future operations, are forward-looking statements. 2U has based these forward-looking statements largely on its estimates of its financial results and its current expectations and projections about future events and financial trends that it believes may affect its financial condition, results of operations, business strategy, short-term and long-term business operations and objectives, and financial needs as of the date of this press release. The company undertakes no obligation to update these statements as a result of new information or future events. These forward-looking statements are subject to a number of risks, uncertainties and assumptions that could cause actual results to differ materially from the results predicted, including, but not limited to:

  • trends in the higher education market and the market for online education, and expectations for growth in those markets;
  • the acceptance, adoption and growth of online learning by colleges and universities, faculty, students, employers, accreditors and state and federal licensing bodies;
  • the impact of competition on the company's industry and innovations by competitors;
  • the company's ability to comply with evolving regulations and legal obligations related to data privacy, data protection and information security;
  • the company's expectations about the potential benefits of its cloud-based software-as-a-service technology and technology-enabled services to university clients and students;
  • the company's dependence on third parties to provide certain technological services or components used in its platform;
  • the company's expectations about the predictability, visibility and recurring nature of its business model;
  • the company's ability to meet the anticipated launch dates of its degree programs, short courses and boot camps;
  • the company's ability to acquire new university clients and expand its degree programs, short courses and boot camps with existing university clients;
  • the company's ability to successfully integrate the operations of its acquisitions, including Trilogy, to achieve the expected benefits of its acquisitions and manage, expand and grow the combined company;
  • the company's ability to refinance its indebtedness on attractive terms, if at all, to better align with its focus on profitability;
  • the company's ability to service its substantial indebtedness and comply with the covenants and conversion obligations contained in the indenture governing its convertible senior notes and the credit agreement governing its revolving credit facility;
  • the company's ability to generate sufficient future operating cash flows from recent acquisitions to ensure related goodwill is not impaired;
  • the company's ability to execute its growth strategy in the international, undergraduate and non-degree alternative markets;
  • the company's ability to continue to recruit prospective students for its offerings;
  • the company's ability to maintain or increase student retention rates in its degree programs;
  • the company's ability to attract, hire and retain qualified employees;
  • the company's expectations about the scalability of its cloud-based platform;
  • potential changes in regulations applicable to the company or its university clients;
  • the company's expectations regarding the amount of time its cash balances and other available financial resources will be sufficient to fund its operations;
  • the impact and cost of stockholder activism;
  • the impact of any natural disasters or public health emergencies, such as the coronavirus disease 2019 ("COVID-19") pandemic;
  • the company's expectations regarding the effect of the capped call transactions and regarding actions of the option counterparties and/or their respective affiliates; and
  • other factors beyond the company's control.

These and other potential risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ from the results predicted are more fully detailed under the heading "Risk Factors" in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, as amended and supplemented by risks and uncertainties under the heading "Risk Factors" in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2020 and other SEC filings. Moreover, 2U operates in a very competitive and rapidly changing environment. New risks emerge from time to time. It is not possible for 2U management to predict all risks, nor can 2U assess the impact of all factors on its business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements 2U may make. In light of these risks, uncertainties and assumptions, the forward-looking events and circumstances discussed in this press release may not occur and actual results could differ materially and adversely from those anticipated.

Investor Relations Contact: Ed Goodwin, 2U, Inc., egoodwin@2U.com
Media Contact: Glenda Felden, 2U, Inc., media@2U.com

2U, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)



June 30,
2020


December 31,
2019


(unaudited)



Assets




Current assets




Cash and cash equivalents

$

194,803



$

170,593


Restricted cash

18,228



19,276


Accounts receivable, net

71,580



33,655


Prepaid expenses and other assets

40,378



37,424


Total current assets

324,989



260,948


Property and equipment, net

55,066



57,643


Right-of-use assets

49,813



43,401


Goodwill

406,340



418,350


Amortizable intangible assets, net

320,559



333,075


University payments and other assets, non-current

75,793



73,413


Total assets

$

1,232,560



$

1,186,830


Liabilities and stockholders' equity




Current liabilities




Accounts payable and accrued expenses

$

84,541



$

65,381


Accrued compensation and related benefits

29,090



21,885


Deferred revenue

77,071



48,833


Lease liability

8,484



7,320


Other current liabilities

13,785



12,535


Total current liabilities

212,971



155,954


Long-term debt

263,129



246,620


Deferred tax liabilities, net

2,424



5,133


Lease liability, non-current

73,592



66,974


Other liabilities, non-current

1,073



899


Total liabilities

553,189



475,580


Stockholders' equity




Preferred stock, $0.001 par value, 5,000,000 shares authorized, none issued




Common stock, $0.001 par value, 200,000,000 shares authorized, 64,300,599 shares issued and outstanding as of June 30, 2020; 63,569,109 shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2019

64



63


Additional paid-in capital

1,306,483



1,197,379


Accumulated deficit

(605,661)



(479,388)


Accumulated other comprehensive loss

(21,515)



(6,804)


Total stockholders' equity

679,371



711,250


Total liabilities and stockholders' equity

$

1,232,560



$

1,186,830


 

2U, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Loss
(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)



Three Months Ended
June 30,


Six Months Ended
June 30,


2020


2019


2020


2019

Revenue

$

182,687



$

135,461



$

358,166



$

257,695


Costs and expenses








Curriculum and teaching

26,256



13,308



46,734



20,009


Servicing and support

30,294



23,993



60,827



44,167


Technology and content development

37,307



26,043



72,817



45,837


Marketing and sales

98,341



89,749



197,556



166,710


General and administrative

39,554



28,408



83,207



51,431


Total costs and expenses

231,752



181,501



461,141



328,154


Loss from operations

(49,065)



(46,040)



(102,975)



(70,459)


Interest income

154



1,814



667



4,163


Interest expense

(6,518)



(2,424)



(12,011)



(2,479)


Loss on debt extinguishment

(11,671)





(11,671)




Other income (expense), net

570



(13)



(1,701)



(383)


Loss before income taxes

(66,530)



(46,663)



(127,691)



(69,158)


Income tax benefit

363



18,691



1,418



19,632


Net loss

$

(66,167)



$

(27,972)



$

(126,273)



$

(49,526)


Net loss per share, basic and diluted

$

(1.03)



$

(0.46)



$

(1.98)



$

(0.83)


Weighted-average shares of common stock outstanding, basic and diluted

64,075,405



60,516,662



63,850,869



59,334,246


Other comprehensive loss








Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of tax of $0 for all periods presented

1,404



2,243



(14,711)



1,871


Comprehensive loss

$

(64,763)



$

(25,729)



$

(140,984)



$

(47,655)


 

2U, Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(in thousands)



Six Months Ended June 30,


2020


2019

Cash flows from operating activities




Net loss

$

(126,273)



$

(49,526)


Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:




Non-cash interest expense

5,675



520


Depreciation and amortization expense

47,470



24,351


Stock-based compensation expense

41,961



19,551


Non-cash lease expense

7,299



5,264


Provision for credit losses

1,267



993


Loss on debt extinguishment

11,671




Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of assets and liabilities acquired:




Accounts receivable, net

(39,521)



(25,548)


Payments to university clients

4,354



(20,060)


Prepaid expenses and other assets

(8,774)



(8,796)


Accounts payable and accrued expenses

19,606



18,081


Accrued compensation and related benefits

7,383



(5,964)


Deferred revenue

28,843



15,849


Other liabilities, net

(9,299)



(23,056)


Other

1,694



392


Net cash used in operating activities

(6,644)



(47,949)


Cash flows from investing activities




Purchase of a business, net of cash acquired

(949)



(387,815)


Additions of amortizable intangible assets

(32,497)



(32,430)


Purchases of property and equipment

(4,254)



(8,135)


Purchase of investments



(5,000)


Proceeds from maturities of investments



25,000


Advances made to university clients



(100)


Advances repaid by university clients

275



200


Net cash used in investing activities

(37,425)



(408,280)


Cash flows from financing activities




Proceeds from debt

371,708



243,726


Payments on debt

(250,409)




Payment of debt issuance costs

(3,419)



(1,953)


Purchases of capped calls in connection with issuance of convertible senior notes

(50,540)




Prepayment premium on extinguishment of senior secured term loan facility

(2,528)




Proceeds from exercise of stock options

1,825



2,380


Tax withholding payments associated with settlement of restricted stock units

(464)



(2,558)


Proceeds from employee stock purchase plan share purchases

1,771




Payments for acquisition of amortizable intangible assets



(1,283)


Net cash provided by financing activities

67,944



240,312


Effect of exchange rate changes on cash

(713)



(371)


Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

23,162



(216,288)


Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period

189,869



449,772


Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period

$

213,031



$

233,484


 

2U, Inc.
Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measures
(unaudited)


The following table presents a reconciliation of net loss to adjusted net loss for each of the periods indicated:



Three Months Ended
June 30,


Six Months Ended
June 30,


2020


2019


2020


2019


(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

Net loss

$

(66,167)



$

(27,972)



$

(126,273)



$

(49,526)


Adjustments:








Foreign currency (gain) loss

(570)



13



1,701



383


Amortization of acquired intangible assets

10,605



5,341



21,388



6,767


Income tax benefit on amortization of acquired intangible assets

(331)



(381)



(710)



(772)


Acquisition-related income tax benefit



(19,262)





(19,262)


Deferred revenue fair value adjustment



3,352





3,352


Transaction and integration costs

359



3,093



1,083



5,024


Restructuring-related costs

196





484




Stockholder activism costs

1,347





5,586




Loss on debt extinguishment

11,671





11,671




Stock-based compensation expense

21,091



9,967



41,961



19,551


Total adjustments

44,368



2,123



83,164



15,043


Adjusted net loss

$

(21,799)



$

(25,849)



$

(43,109)



$

(34,483)


Net loss per share, basic and diluted

$

(1.03)



$

(0.46)



$

(1.98)



$

(0.83)


Adjusted net loss per share, basic and diluted

$

(0.34)



$

(0.43)



$

(0.68)



$

(0.58)


Weighted-average shares of common stock outstanding, basic and diluted

64,075,405



60,516,662



63,850,869



59,334,246










 

2U, Inc.
Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measures
(unaudited)


The following table presents a reconciliation of net loss to adjusted EBITDA (loss) for each of the periods indicated:



Three Months Ended
June 30,


Six Months Ended
June 30,


2020


2019


2020


2019


(in thousands)

Net loss

$

(66,167)



$

(27,972)



$

(126,273)



$

(49,526)


Adjustments:








Net interest expense (income)

6,364



610



11,344



(1,684)


Foreign currency (gain) loss

(570)



13



1,701



383


Income tax benefit

(363)



(18,691)



(1,418)



(19,632)


Depreciation and amortization expense

23,985



14,653



47,470



24,351


Deferred revenue fair value adjustment



3,352





3,352


Transaction and integration costs

359



3,093



1,083



5,024


Restructuring-related costs

196





484




Stockholder activism costs

1,347





5,586




Loss on debt extinguishment

11,671





11,671




Stock-based compensation expense

21,091



9,967



41,961



19,551


Total adjustments

64,080



12,997



119,882



31,345


Adjusted EBITDA (loss)

$

(2,087)



$

(14,975)



$

(6,391)



$

(18,181)


 

2U, Inc.
Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Measures
(unaudited)


                The following table presents a reconciliation of net cash used in operating activities to unlevered free cash flow for each of the twelve-month periods indicated:



Twelve Months Ended


June 30,
2020


March 31,
 2020


December 31,
 2019


September 30,
2019


(in thousands)

Net cash used in operating activities

$

(10,669)



$

(29,309)



$

(51,974)



$

(62,738)


Additions to amortizable intangible assets

(64,990)



(67,161)



(64,923)



(64,427)


Purchases of property and equipment

(9,536)



(12,693)



(13,421)



(15,279)


Payments on acquisition of amortizable intangible assets

(897)



(897)



(2,180)



(1,283)


Payments to university clients

7,500



14,925



26,100



26,450


Non-ordinary cash payments*

17,874



19,544



13,989



11,008


Free cash flow

(60,718)



(75,591)



(92,409)



(106,269)


Cash interest payments on debt

16,475



17,064



12,147



7,128


Unlevered free cash flow

$

(44,243)



$

(58,527)



$

(80,262)



$

(99,141)


























∗ 

Non-ordinary cash payments include transaction, integration, restructuring-related and stockholder activism costs.

 

2U, Inc.
Key Financial Performance Metrics
(unaudited)


Full Course Equivalent Enrollments


Graduate Program Segment


                The following table sets forth the FCE enrollments and average revenue per FCE enrollment in the company's Graduate Program Segment for the last eight quarters.



Q2 '20


Q1 '20


Q4 '19


Q3 '19


Q2 '19


Q1 '19


Q4 '18


Q3 '18

Graduate Program Segment FCE
enrollments

46,142



45,734



41,704



40,910



39,180



39,512



34,695



32,665


Graduate Program Segment average revenue per FCE enrollment

$

2,507



$

2,590



$

2,595



$

2,527



$

2,588



$

2,637



$

2,792



$

2,747



































































Alternative Credential Segment


                The following table sets forth the FCE enrollments and average revenue per FCE enrollment in the company's Alternative Credential Segment for the last eight quarters.


















Q2 '20


Q1 '20


Q4 '19


Q3 '19


Q2 '19


Q1 '19


Q4 '18


Q3 '18

Alternative Credential Segment FCE
enrollments

20,435



15,141



14,639



14,729



12,662



9,128



9,041



8,937


Alternative Credential Segment average revenue per FCE enrollment*

$

3,279



$

3,766



$

3,883



$

3,825



$

2,955



$

1,979



$

2,015



$

1,930





































∗  

The Trilogy acquisition was completed on May 22, 2019. Average revenue per FCE enrollment for the company's Alternative Credential Segment includes $3.3 million, $6.0 million and $1.9 million of purchase accounting adjustments for the second, third and fourth quarters of 2019, respectively.

 

 

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SOURCE 2U, Inc.